The narrative behind the Chinese New Year is about an ancient legend related to a terrible monster called Nian, who in the past used to go out every 12 months to devour human beings. His weaknesses were his red phobia and the great sensitivity to loud noises. These two, together with the representation of Nian, are just the cardinal elements of the party.
In fact, the participants of the parties are invited to wear red clothes, but even the houses (cleaned from top to bottom before the party to drive away bad luck) are decorated with ribbons and red objects, often in the shape of a Koi carp, but also in style of gold and silver bars.
It is also evident the role played by fireworks, however, invented in China, with the most evocative fireworks in the world The Chinese New Year (Spring Festival) according to the traditional Chinese calendar, unlike the New Year according to the calendar Gregorian, falls every year on a different day. With the New Year begins the Chinese calendar, which is the lunisolar type, it corresponds to both the solar cycle (year), as well as the lunar cycle (month).
The Chinese calendar is used today in China for the calculation of holidays, while the Gregorian calendar is officially used. The Chinese year usually contains 12 months, in which one month has 29 or 30 days. A year, therefore, consists of 353, 354 or 355 days; to compensate for the missing days, a leap month is added seven times in 19 years. A leap year has a duration of 13 months, with 383, 384 or 385 days. The essential moment of the party is the third day when the large and traditional family banquet takes place in houses, restaurants or hotels.
Children are given small red envelopes with money on this day after they wish their grandparents and parents good luck for the next year. At midnight large fireworks are fired, while many firecrackers are lit both on long poles of wood that on the walls of the house. The meaning and the goal is not only the fun but also ward off evil spirits and demons and recall good spirits.
Chinese New Year begins on 5 February 2019 and is celebrated by a quarter of the world's population.